In this paper, we introduce a new technique based on X-ray radiography with high temporal (O(0.1 s)) and spatial (O(10 μm)) resolutions to study fast suspension flows regardless of optical access. We benefit from the axial symmetry of our flow configuration, a wide gap Couette setup, to extract a 3D solid volume fraction field from a single X-ray projection image. We propose a mathematical algorithm based on the inversion of Abel transform in conjunction with H¹ regularization and data denoising to measure the solid volume fraction field in suspensions in a fraction of a second. We show that the results are in excellent agreement with those obtained from micro Computed Tomography (CT scan) in one hour. This significant reduction in the data acquisition time opens a new avenue in the field of suspensions. As a proof of concept, we study the kinetics of shear-induced migration for suspensions of particles in both Newtonian and yield stress suspending fluids. The latter experiments include two different conditions: With and without a plug region. In both cases, we are able to capture in detail the kinetics of migration. In the presence of a plug region, we manage to accurately describe the particle accumulation at the interface between the sheared and the static regions. Remarkably, even in the absence of sedimentation, the concentration profiles show a complex 2D structure, with no z-invariant region, which illustrates the strong impact of top and bottom boundary effects on migration. We also show the importance of boundary effects on the shear induced migration of particles in a Newtonian suspending fluid. This further shows the necessity of developing techniques that give access to the full spatial concentration field, as the one we present here.